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Subject: RE : June 10, 1881
Date: Fri, 10 Jun 2005 17:02:55 EDT


June 10

1881 Tolstoy disguises himself as a peasant and leaves on a pilgrimage
On this day in 1881, Count Leo Tolstoy sets off on a pilgrimage to a
monastery disguised as a peasant.
Tolstoy had already produced his two greatest masterpieces War and Peace
(1865-1869) and Anna Karenina (1875-1877). The Russian nobleman was engaged in a
spiritual struggle and felt torn between his responsibility as a wealthy
landlord to improve the lot of the people, and his desire to give up his
property and wander the land as an ascetic. He had started giving away his
possessions and declared that the public owned his works, but his wife, Sofya, worried
about the financial stability of the couple's 13 children, gained control of
the copyrights for all his work published before 1880.
Tolstoy was born in 1828. His parents died when he was a child, and he was
raised by relatives. He went to Kazan University at age 16 but was
disappointed in the quality of education there and returned to his estate in 1847
without a degree. He lived a wild and dissolute life in Moscow and St. Petersburg
until 1851, when he joined the army. He fought in the Crimean war, and his
experiences in the defense of Sevastopol became a successful literary memoir,
Sevastopol Sketches, in 1855. While in the army, he wrote several other
autobiographical works.
In 1857, Tolstoy visited Europe and became interested in education. He
started a school for peasant children on his estate and studied progressive
educational techniques. In 1862, he married, and the following year he published a
successful novel, The Cossacks.
Later in his life, Tolstoy embraced Christian anarchism and was
excommunicated from the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1910, he fled his home secretly with
his youngest daughter but caught pneumonia and died at a remote railway
station a few day s later.



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