QUEBEC-RESEARCH-L ArchivesArchiver > QUEBEC-RESEARCH > 2006-12 > 1166441933
Subject: Re: [Q-R] Lauzon
Date: Mon, 18 Dec 2006 06:38:53 EST
In a message dated 12/18/2006 1:27:20 AM Eastern Standard Time,
Merry Chrismas Everyone,
I think I got my Lauzons mixed up.
Is the Seigneurie de Lauzon the same as the Coste de Lauzon?
My information shows that Guillaume Couture obtained a concession in
Pointe de Levi in the Seigneurie de Lauzon in 1647 and that Andre
Robidou obtained a concession in the Seigneurie de Lauzon about
1664. Yet the 1666 census of Lauzon only show three families.
What am I missing here?
Thanks for the help,
Mona is right in saying that the 1666 census is defective, Charlie. Marcel
Trudel did a reconstruction of the census, and, instead of the 3173 officially
reported, he identifies 4,219, with an additional 300 individuals for whom he
cannot be sure whether they were established or present temporarily. These
figures do not include the Carignan soldiers arrived in 1665, because soldiers
were considered a transient population. Even the officials were not satisfied
with the original figure, thus the census of 1667.
You also need to keep in mind the reason the Carignan soldiers were sent: to
stop the incursions of the Iroquois on the colony. Settlement of the south
shore of the St.-Laurent was much slower than the area near Québec City because
of the danger of attacks. There was comfort in numbers clustered near Québec.
Then, too, Lauzon was across the St.-Laurent and travel to it could be
interrupted, depending on weather conditions.
Trudel points out that the winter of 1665-66 was one of the worst, with four
feet of snow. The census of 1666 was taken in the winter, according to his
calculations from the documented births of individuals in the census. He believes
the census at Lauzon was not taken until the spring and that some of the
families establshed there may have been in Quebec City temporarily. He lists four
families made up of five or more persons that he believes were established at
Lauzon but that were omitted from the census.
_La Population du Canada en 1666_, Recensement reconstitué, Septentrion, 1995.
It's wonderful to have wider access now to old documents and publications,
but one must always keep in mind the research that may have been done to correct
or modify their contents. History is ongoing.