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From:
Subject: [SANDUSKY-L] John and Killion Sandusky
Date: Fri, 2 Feb 2001 15:55:06 EST


Thank you assisting me in the attached copy. If you see any mistakes or have
more information, please let me hear from you. JOHN AND KILLION
SANDUSKY

Because the review of family notes, which I received from Sheila
Cadwalader of Pinehurst, North Carolina, and Teri Rice of Benton, Illinois,
disclosed shortage of information on two orphaned brothers, John and Killion
Sandusky, who ended up in Franklin County, Illinois, this is, then,
unfinished business. We can use your help to fill blanks in their family
charts.
Unlike the new colonists who flocked to Illinois on foot, horseback, and
in wagons, to till the land, Killion Sandusky, a year younger than John
Sandusky and named after his grandfather, and John Sandusky used their skills
with a trowel and mortar to get out of Warren County, Kentucky. When they
were 19 and 18 years old, respectively, their grandfather, Killion Creek, or
Kreig, who learned his trade in Germany, was awarded the contract to build
the walls of the two-story courthouse, 33 by 40 feet, at Princeton, seat of
Gibson County, Indiana, across the Wabash River from Illinois. The work was
started on September 1, 1814, and after the courthouse was built, Killion
Creek remained in Princeton and evidently found plenty of work for himself
and his two grandsons. In 1817, Creek sold his land in Kentucky. The
following year John Sandusky used his savings, or warrant for military
service during the War of 1812, to acquire 160 acres of land in Franklin
County, Illinois, halfway to the Mississippi River from Princeton. Not far
behind him came his mother, Catherine, who married John Miller, and two years
before that, his sister, Margaret, who was married to Eli Webb, and formed a
colony in Franklin County, Illinois, which is as good a place as any to start
the families of John and Killion Sandusky.
When the first census taker of Franklin County arrived in 1820, Killion
Sandusky was listed there with three other white persons. Although their
names were not given, the three in his household, as I later figured out,
were his wife, Elizabeth, said to be a Cherokee woman, and two daughters,
Philadelphia, two or three years old, and Margaret, still in her infancy.
Because he was not the head of a household, John Sandusky was not listed, and
might have been counted among the 11 other persons each listed with John
Miller and Lazerus Webb.
Within a year Guy W. Smith, who did the census of Edwards County, at the
southern tip of Illinois, and filed the names April 2, 1821, listed the names
of John and Killion Sandusky as heads of families. Whether John Sandusky, who
had only one other white inhabitant in his household, and Killion Sandusky,
three, were in Albion, founded in 1818, to put up a new courthouse, or some
other buildings, is not certain. Anyway, after leaving a footprint in Edwards
County, John Sandusky went back to Franklin County and remained there the
rest of his life.
Killion Sandusky, however, traveled through Illinois and Indiana in
pursuit of his trade. He did not consider the nation’s capital, 627 miles
from Albion, where thousands of stone masons were needed to replace the
buildings that the British burned only a short time before, or Springfield,
Illinois, 132 miles away as the crow flies, which was vying to become the
next state capital. He took part in an expanding frontier. The population of
Illinois grew from 55,211 in 1820 to 157,445 in 1830. With this growth
Killion Sandusky found plenty of work. In 1830, he was listed in Clark
County, Illinois, on the Wabash River, probably in Mount Carmel, laid out in
the same year as Albion, and five years later in Fayette County, probably to
work in Vandalia on the Illinois capitol, a two-story, white brick building
of simple Georgia design. When it was opened in 1836, Abraham Lincoln came to
the new State House from Sangaman County to deliberate with legislators from
other parts of Illinois. Springfield, where Lincoln hung up his shingle to
practice law, did not become the capital until July 4, 1839.
Let me pause here to tell you a story about my uncle, Konstanty
Pienkowski, who left a village of minor gentry in Poland with his steamship
and railroad fare paid to Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, where my father and
grandfather worked in the coal mines. Unable to speak English, my uncle
stood at the railroad station in New Jersey as immigration officials pinned a
tag on his coat which read simply, Mount Carmel, and put him on a train for a
reunion with his father and a brother. Instead of taking him to the coal
mining town in Pennsylvania, the train took him to Mount Carmel, Illinois,
through which Killion Sandusky passed in the 1830s, and pretty soon my uncle
was sidetracked by a girl of Serbian ancestry. After his marriage in
19ù3@sêüF seas to fighõ´–th President Wilson’s army to save the world for
democracy. German gas, which he received in trenches in France, shortened his
life. He died shortly after he returned to his wife.
The next domicile for Killion Sandusky was Franklin County, Illinois.
Shortly after his return, his eldest daughter, Philadelphia, married Albert
G. Elkins, the son of a Methodist clergyman in Franklin County, on January
20, 1838, and blessed him with two children: Mahala, born 1844, and John,
1849. Philadelphia Elkins died in 1849. Obviously, when the two children grew
up, each one was married. John Elkins married Matilda T. Cooper on August 13,
1874. Who Mahala Elkins married, probably because of a change in her given
name, is impossible to determine without help.
Although Philadelphia, Mahala, and John Elkins were in the Sadowski
bloodline, and were as a matter of fact in Generation No. 6, their names do
not appear in Descendants of Marcin Sadowski, which Teri Rice sent me, and it
is necessary to study the early census records to create a family chart for
Killion and Elizabeth Sandusky. No one knows where they were married. It
could have been in Gibson County, Indiana, where Killion Sandusky was an
apprentice to his grandfather, and this is supported by the place of birth of
Margaret Sandusky, who was born in 1820 just before the family moved to
Franklin County, Illinois. In 1850, when she was 30 years old, she told a
census taker of Franklin County that she was born in Indiana. Because of her
early death, the same database did not cover Philadelphia Elkins. It is fair
to assume that Philadelphia and Margaret Sandusky were born in Gibson County,
Indiana, where Killion Creek and his grandson, Killion Sandusky, lived and
worked on brick and stone buildings.
The month after Philadelphia was married, Margaret Sandusky herself was
married February 22, 1838, to an Alabama-born farmer, Russell McNeal, and
settled on a rented farm in Franklin County, midway between the Wabash and
the Mississippi rivers. Unlike Teri Rice, Sheila Cadwalader acknowledged
their presence in her notes, though she didn’t know that Philadelphia was
Killion Sandusky’s daughter. Russell McNeal had four children with Margaret
Sandusky between 1839 and 1847 and, after she died(date unknown), raised them
with Eliza Drew, whom he married January 13, 1859, and with whom he had two
more children, and the remaining children with Sarah J. Webb, whom he married
March 4, 1866.
Three of the four children were married in Franklin County. First, Mary
Ann McNeal, born in 1839, married George W. Church on January 29, 1860, and
possibly married (2) Jasper Jones on April 24, 1866. Julia Ann McNeal, born
in 1847, married Wesley Trout on September 11, 1866. On May 24, 1870, Martha
J. McNeal, then 25 years old, married William C. Wiggs. I have no record of a
marriage for Andrew Jackson McNeal, born in 1842, and have nothing else on
this generation.
Thus, in the 1840 census of Franklin County, Philadelphia and Margaret
are no longer in Killion Sandusky’s household. Three sons and seven daughters
remain. Because the family charts do not agree on the number of sons in the
family, it is easier to match the seven daughters in the 1840 census with
their given names and the men they married. The first one to marry after the
census was taken was Melvina Sandusky to John Lewis on August 5/6, 1841/42.
By 1850 he was apparently married to Rachel Hammond. He had a son, Albert J.,
with Melvina Sandusky in 1844, and two children, Safrona and Louisa, perhaps
more, with Rachel Hammond. On August 21, 1890, Albert J. Lewis married
Margaret A. Hodge.
Lucinda Sandusky, who like Melvina was probably born in the places where
Killion Sandusky worked on brick or stone buildings - Vandalia, Mount
Carmel, Albion, or wherever -- married Benjamin C. Sullins on July 9, 1854,
and after that lived next to her sister in Benton Township. Mary(Polly Ann)
Sandusky, born in 1825, married John McNeal and they had three children:
Martha, Permelia, and Joab. Elizabeth Jane Sandusky, born 1833, married
Samuel Barnfield on September 10, 1855. Amanda H. Sandusky, born 1836,
married Tennessee-born Joshua Church on July 24, 1856, and was therefore the
last of Killion Sandusky’s daughters to change her name by marriage.
It is interesting to note that Amanda’s younger brothers, William, 20
years old in 1860, and Jackson, 18, were day laborers on the Church farm.
When Killion Sandusky died in 1852, it looks like Amanda Sandusky held the
rest of the family together. On November 3, 1883, her daughter, Lucinda
Elizabeth Church, married George W. Webb. There was no sign after Killion
Sandusky’s death of his widow. No marriages were recorded for William and
Jackson in Franklin County.
Although no one knows where the marriage record is, Andrew Jackson
Sandusky, the oldest son of Killion and Elizabeth Sandusky, was married to
Eleanor Rawlings and they had nine children. Teri Rice has a pretty good
record of them.
The problem is with John Sandusky. He was of the same age as Andrew
Jackson Sandusky. No one considered them twins. If the census reports were
right, John Sandusky was not Andrew Jackson Sandusky’s brother, or one of the
children of Killion and Elizabeth Sandusky, but the son, as shown in the 1830
census, of John and Elizabeth Sandusky. On June 3, 1849, he took out a
license in Mount Vernon, the seat of Jefferson County, north of Franklin
County, to marry Nancy McNeal.
Unfortunately the family histories, as they occasionally do, matched John
Sandusky with the wrong parents. This is verified by census reports. For
five, six or seven generations, no one bothered to correct the error. In the
family chart after family chart, Andrew Jackson Sandusky and his descendants
are listed under John Sandusky’s tree instead of Killion Sandusky’s. Since
1850, the last time Killion Sandusky was enumerated, virtually everybody has
deprived him of his heirs. Had I not seen Sheila Cadwalader’s and Teri Rice’s
charts, and compared the names with the numbers and names in various census
reports, this big mixup in Sandusky genealogy would still be hidden.
No story of the Sanduskys in Franklin County, Illinois, would be complete
mentioning the descendants of John Sandusky. The Sandusky family was
interwined with the history of the Creek family when Andrew Sandusky,
great-grandson of Anthony Sadowski, a famous Polish frontiersman, married
Catherine Creek, with whom he had three children -- Margaret, John and
Killion -- in the 1790s. Tracking the children from Warren County, Kentucky,
where they grew up, was as hard as juggling half a dozen balls in the air at
the same time.
Little was known about John Sandusky. Then, when I raised his name and
e-mailed a request for more information, Sheila Cadwalader sent me from
Pinehurst, North Carolina, a treasure trove on the Sandusky family in
Franklin County, Illinois. Catherine Creek, who changed her name by marriage
not once but four times, and her stock of children, including John and
Killion Sandusky, spent most of their lives in Southern Illinois. Teri Rice,
who is descended from Killion Sandusky, sent me 11 pages of genealogical
material on 12 generations of the Sadowski family in America. It had,
however, very little information on John Sandusky’s descendants.
Still, the information will help others looking for their Polish roots
like Patrick Sandusky, who came from there and wrote on Sept. 20, 2000, “I
grew up never knowing my Sandusky family history.”
One month after Franklin County was created, John Sandusky acquired 160
acres of land in Section 30 of Township 05S, Range 02E, which was eventually
known as Barren Township. There are conflicting reports on how he got the
land on February 7, 1818. According to the land records of Franklin County,
he exercised a warrant that gave him 160 acres of land in payment for
military services. But the records of the federal land office at Shawneetown,
Illinois, a village on the Ohio River that was a major point of entry for
emigrants from the other side of the river, claim that he paid two dollars an
acre.
Ironically, though not in the same garb, hunters and fishermen from St.
Louis and other places go today to the same fields and streams to hunt for
deer, quail, rabbits, dove, ducks and geese and fish for bass, bluegill and
catfish. In 1965, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers dammed the Big Muddy
River, less than three miles from John Sandusky’s grave in Hammonds Cemetery,
to create the18,900-acre Rend Lake and change 20,000 acres of land around it
for outdoor recreation. It took nearly seven years to fill the lake. The
reservoir now supplies water to more than 60 communities in Southern
Illinois. The $60,000,000 project, authorized under the Flood Control Act of
1962, also tore down many shacks that nourished the first homesteaders and
shortened Sandusky Creek. At the same time, the engineers named two
recreation areas Sandusky Creek West, or Upper Sandusky, and Sandusky Creek
South, or Lower Sandusky, each with a campground. The southside has also a
sandy beach on Rend Lake and a paved trail for bicyclists and hikers.
Somewhere in the area John Sandusky met Elizabeth Hutson, the daughter of
a farmer/squatter in Barren Township, near the Jefferson County border, and
pretty soon they tied the knot. She was eight years younger than he was. No
one knows where they were married. Marriage records were kept in a private
home, three miles east of Frankfort, until 1826 when a court house was built.
The records were moved in 1841 to a court house in Benton, which was chosen
the same year as the county seat, and two years later the clerk’s office,
where the marriage records were kept, was burned to the ground. Nearly all of
the public records of the county were destroyed.
Still more suprising, afterwards the marriage of Mary Amelia, the
daughter of John and Elizabeth Sandusky, to George W. Eubanks, then 18 years
old, turned up in the marriage records of Franklin County. Whether it was a
made up record, because the exact date was not given, only 3/00/1833, is not
known. It is necessary to look at the date again. Dividing the time between
1803 and 1833 in half, but allowing the mother nine months to have her first
child, it looks like the mother and daughter were virtually on a roller
coaster ride. Suppose John Sandusky married Elizabeth Hutson in 1820, and
then Mary Amelia came along in 1821 or I822, as is supposed, it stands to
reason that Mary Amelia was older than 11 or 12 years old when she was
married. The date of the marriage was probably closer to the birth of her
first child, Eli, in 1839 than 1833, as is true when Eubanks, after the death
of his first wife, married Mary Ann Browning on January 22, 1848, and their
first child was born one year later. In addition to Eli, George W. Eubanks
had two other children with Amelia Sandusky: Annis in 1841 and Betsy. Much
more about their marriages later. When John and Elizabeth Sandusky were
empty nesters, Eli and Annis and perhaps Bessie Eubanks went to live with
them, and when Eli got married, he brought his bride to his grandparents’
homestead.
The sons of John and Elizabeth Sandusky were more prolific than their
daughters. The eldest son was named after his fathe


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