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From: Ray Hedberg <>
Subject: [SAVAGE-L] Savage # 1 - Sir Roland Savage down through Levin Savage
Date: Sun, 29 Nov 1998 23:38:54 -0700


Rollcall response - The following is note # 1 of 3.

The following is an excerpt of a draft of a paper I am preparing on the
ancestors of my
wife's grandmother Ada Flossie Savage who is descended from Levin
Savage. I apologize
for its length however I suspect a number of the Savage-Rootsweb readers
will find it
interesting and I would also appreciate any comments, correction or
criticisms.
============================================================

Identification of the ancestors of Levin Savage has been elusive for
some time. In 1990 a
genealogy researcher, Mary Frances Carey, did extensive analysis of the
wills and court
records of Virginia and documented the conclusion that the brother of
Levin Savage was
Robinson Savage and their father was Captain Rowland Savage - born in
Virginia ca.
1725. Once this connection was made it led to the unraveling of prior
Savage generations
as presented below. The five main sources for information on the Savage
lineage are: a
19xx family history book written by Gladys Ingram, a 1997 family
history book written by
Donita Morris- Rich, the above mentioned research done in 1990 by the
professional
genealogy researcher Mary Frances Carey, a 1986 paper written by Hazel
M. Savage
(granddaughter of Alvin E. and Malinda Savage), and my own research in
1997 and 1998.

In the book "The Ancient and Noble Family of the Savage's of the Ards";
Le Sieur Thomas
Savage came to England from Normandy (France) in the Norman Conquest of
1066 with
William the Conqueror. His descendants were Sir Willam Le Savage and
his brother
Richard Le Savage who in 1177 participated in the conquest of Ulster and
settled in the
"Ards" in County Down, (Northern) Ireland. Descended from one of these
was Sir Roland
Savage, Knight of Ulster, whose grandson was Sir Rowland Savage. In the
1620's Sir
Rowland Savage built two castles in Ireland (one was Killyleagh
Castle). In his will in
1640, he gave his two castles to his sons Rowland Savage and John
Savage. The middle
1600's was a time of great political and religious unrest and local wars
between the
Protestants and Catholics in Ireland. According to Gladys Ingram, John
and Rowland, as
Irish Protestants, were among those outlawed from Ireland for trying to
protect their
property from the raids of the Catholic armies; Rowland and John then
left Ireland and
according to Ingram may or may not have migrated to America. There is a
record of a
John Savage being granted a patent for land in Accomac County, Virginia
in 1663.

Accomack County is on the eastern side of Chesapeake Bay; it is the
peninsula which
drops down from present day Maryland and is surrounded on three sides by
water. Long
before the first white settlers arrived the native American Indians
called the Eastern Shore
by the name Accawmacke---meaning the "across the water place".
Accawmacke was
settled very early by the English and the Indians on the Eastern Shore
were friendly. The
word Chesapeake is the modern English spelling of the Indian term for
"great water". To
the early settlers, this "great water" made for easier travel than
trying to go by land into the
interior of Virginia. The original shire of Accomac was created in 1634
and covered the
entire Eastern Shore. The name of the shire was changed to Northampton
in 1642 as part
of an effort by the English to eliminate "heathen" names in the
colonies. In 1671, the
General Assembly of Virginia re-created Accomac County; the spelling
officially became
Accomack in 1940.

Rowland Savage the Immigrant came to Virginia from Northern Ireland
after first
spending some time in the Barbados Islands. He was granted a Land
Patent in Accomack
County, Virginia in 1666. A land patent was title to a piece of land
received from the
Governor of Virginia. Rowland was also granted a patent on 500 acres on
24 Apr 1703
which had reverted to the State of Virginia ownership from a Richard
Hopkins (who was
deceased without heirs). In Virginia sometime before 1677 Rowland
married a Mary Huitt.
The will of her father Robert Huitt (or Huit) who died in 1677 gives
Rowland Savage 300
acres of land in Pungoteague and 200 acres to Mary Huitt (it is surmised
that Rowland
Savage's wife was either the daughter or sister of Robert Huitt). The
will of Robert Huitt
also identifies this Rowland Savage as the same one having been granted
a patent on land
in Accomac County, Virginia in 1666. Rowland Savage amassed considerable
land
holdings in Virginia in the years 1666 to 1709. He was the owner of the
Matchepungo
Plantation in Accomack County, Virginia. Rowland's will is dated 1709 -
he died in 1717.

Rowland Savage the Immigrant and his wife Mary had 9 children: Francis,
Richard,
Roland, William, Charles, Robert, John, Mary and Patience.

Richard Savage received 1/3 of his father's plantation when his father
died. In early
Virginia the term "plantation" was used to describe the huge farms
which existed. These
plantations were staffed by many workers, some coming from England as
pardoned
criminals. In England an alternative to jail was that the prisoner could
go to the new world
and serve as laborers for some number of years to pay back the
plantation owners expense
in bringing them to America. To encourage growth these plantation owners
would be
granted additional lands for transporting more laborers to Virginia.
Richard Savage
married and had 9 children:
Francis, Richard, Rowland, John, Mary Dix, Tabitha, Elizabeth, Michal or
Michelle, and
Redegal.

John Savage, born ca. 1700, received the majority of the Matchepugo
Plantation when his
father Richard died. John Savage, in addition to owning the plantation,
was a surveyor and
many parcels of land in Accomack and other counties in Virginia show his
name as the
surveyor. John's personal land holdings were many square miles of the
Virginia peninsula
and included what is now the town of Keller, Virginia (1998 population
of _____). John
and his wife Rachel had 5 children: Rowland, Robert, William, Patience,
and Margaret.

Rowland Savage, born about 1725, became known as Captain Rowland Savage;
it is not
certain whether he is the same Captain Rowland Savage who fought in the
French and
Indian War (1754-1763). Captain Rowland Savage had 4 children: Levin
[born ca. 1750],
Kendal, Babel, and Robinson.

Captain Rowland Savage died in 1785 and in his will left most of his
land holding to his
youngest son Robinson. This is somewhat unusual since the eldest would
usually inherit;
the will does not mention Levin who had left Virginia before 1775 and
moved to North
Carolina.

Levin Savage was born about 1750 in Accomack County, Virginia; nothing
is known of
his life in Virginia. He apparently migrated to North Carolina prior to
1775 when he was
named as a creditor in a North Carolina estate settlement. In 1803 Levin
Savage, of North
Carolina, was co-named in a Virginia law suit where he and a brother
Robinson Savage
were sued as "tenants in possession of two plantations, two gardens, and
150 acres of
land" in Accomack County, Virginia. The suit was resolved in favor of
the Savage
brothers and Robinson Savage retained the land in Virginia.

In the American Revolutionary War Levin served in the North Carolina
Line participating
in the expedition against the Overhill Cherokee Indians and Chief
Dragging Canoe. In
various records his name is spelled as Levin, Leven, Lavin and even
Eleven. In his pension
application he stated that he "joined the company under Capt. Poindexter
(3 or 4 weeks);
marched to Long Island in the Holston River where he joined the army
under General
Christie - then marched to the Cherokee Nation burnt towns of Chilhowee
and Chola - was
discharged by Capt. Mosby Dec 1776 - again entered the army March 1778,
three months
under Capt. Spear - was a guard (at the) Tory Prison at Salisbury [North
Carolina] until
June 1778 - was discharged by Capt. Spear - again entered the army in
July 1780, General
Gates, defeat[ed] Aug 1780 - discharged as a Private - [in the West
Tennessee area]."

The book "The History of the Cherokee Indians" describes these battles
and the activities
of Chief Dragging Canoe; he and two other Indian chiefs were allies of
the British and with
over 700 Indians planned to attack the settlements in Virginia, North
Carolina, South
Carolina and Georgia simultaneously. Information from an Indian
sympathizer allowed the
settlers to prepare for the battles and the settlers defeated Chief
Dragging Canoe and the
other two Indian chiefs.North Carolina, Georgia, South Carolina and
Virginia sent 6400
men against the Cherokees in retaliation for these attacks; they
destroyed their crops and
burned 50 of the Cherokee towns; the Cherokee then signed treaties
leaving their lands
forever and moved to Tennessee. Levin has the DAR identification No.
575265.

In 1780 Levin received a 100 acre land grant "on the waters of Cabbin
branch" in North
Carolina for $12.50; he sold 92 acres in 1792 for $200. In 1802 he
received a second grant
of 200 acres "on Dill's Creek" for the same $12.50; later in the same
year he sold half for
$50 and then the rest for $107.25. He is shown in the 1790 census as
living in Salisbury
County in North Carolina. Levin and his family were faithful adherents
to the Baptist faith
and among his descendants there were a number of ministers. In November
1804 Levin
and others formed a new church at Providence in Surrey County, North
Carolina.

About 1807 Levin sold the last of his land in North Carolina and moved
to Tennessee /
Kentucky on a land grant of 141 acres that he had received on MacFarland
Creek. Levin
Savage and his family are shown in the 1810 census in Burkesville,
Cumberland County,
Kentucky. The county boundaries and the boundary between the states of
Kentucky and
Tennessee moved around considerably in the years after he settled there.
It is probable that
Levin never actually moved but that his land was at different times
"re-boundaried" into 3
different counties (Cumberland, Overton, and Jackson,) in two states
(Kentucky and
Tennessee). At the time of his application for a pension in 1833, Levin
was described as
"old and very infirm ... illiterate .. can neither read nor write." This
lack of education was
apparently no handicap in his earlier "wheeling and dealing" for land
while living in North
Carolina. On 13 May 1833 when he applied for a Revolutionary War
veteran's pension
Levin was living in Jackson County, Kentucky; his pension is No. 26795
(S3849). Where
he lived then is now in Clay County, Tennessee close to the town of
Celina, Tennessee
where he was a member of the Pleasant Run Baptist church - it was
disolved in 1844.

Levin Savage died in 1837; he is believed to be buried in Coe / Stone
Cemetery which is
now in Clay County about 1.5 miles west of Celina, TN on Proctor Creek
about .25 miles
north of State Highway 52 on the New Hope Road; it is about 25 miles
northeast of
Nashville.

Multiple sources produce a confusing picture of Levin's wife(s) and
children;. Combining
multiple sources Levin appears to have had 16 children:

Eli Savage [ca. 1776]
William Savage [ca. 1777]
Littleberry Savage [before 1779]
Jessee Savage [before 1780]
Hamilton Savage [1781]
Jerusha Savage [1782]- (Mrs. William Warden)
Sarah Savage [about 1784]
Kendal Savage1784]
Randall Savage [1786]
John Savage [1787]
George Savage [1788]
Levin S. Savage [1789]
James Savage [1790]
Elizabeth Savage [1799]
Mary Polly Savage[1799]
Peter Savage[1801]

It is most unlikely for one wife to bear all of these children over
a 25 year period,
particularly considering the gap of 9 years between 1790 and 1799 when
no children were
born. It is most likely that he was married 2, 3 or more times and had
children with
different wives. One source shows his marriage in 1772 to Mary Sarah
Martin (or Polly
which is a nickname for Mary); another source gives an 1814 marriage to
Elizabeth and a
third source shows his wife as Sarah Elizabeth Martin who died in
Tennessee in 1832 at
age 82. It is not unusual for the last name for two wives to be the same
(Martin); frequently
after a wife died the widower would marry a sister of the wife; possibly
herself widowed.

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