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Archiver > SHOOK > 2002-11 > 1038353665


From: (by way of Beth Perry Johnston <>)
Subject: [Shook] Notes on Harmonius SHOOK & Anna SHROBE
Date: Tue, 26 Nov 2002 15:34:25 -0800


He resided in Hardy County, Virginia August 28, 1750. He made a will
about 1780 in Hampshire County,Virginia. The Will was written in 1780 in
Hampshire County, Virginia and proved on June 8, 1798 in Hardy County,
Virginia. Hermanus SHOOK's will also mentions "daughters" as being heirs.
Hermanus settled in Hampshire County Virginia as early as 1745 (when his
son William was born). His great-grandson Abraham wrote in a letter dated
June 19, 1868 that he was a Dutch Scholar that could read no English.
This may account for the various spellings of his first and last name.
His first name has been spelled Hearmon, Harmononous, Herman, Harman. His
last name has been spelled Shuch, Shock, and Schook.
Most of his descendants went south, but some went to Green County, Ohio
and then westward. One stayed in Hampshire County (now Hardy County).
Lawrence SHOOK went to St. Clair, Illinois in the late 1700's.
Andrew SHOOK was in Berkely County, Virginia and then went to Kentucky
around 1785.
Hermanus created his will in 1780. His eldest son William was not made
executor which indicates that
William may started contemplating a migration. A census in Hampshire
County, Virginia in 1784 indicates that they had not yet migrated.

Herman Shook (c.1718-1789)
Herman Shook was probably born in Gelderland, Netherlands. One source
places his birth in Basel, Switz. He married Anna Schaub about 1744,
probably in PA. Anna was the daughter of Jacob Schaub and Barbara Wurtz
(see above). Anna came with her mother, brother Jacob, and step-family on
the "Virginus Grace" in 1737. Herman therefore married his sister's
brother's half-sister. One source says that Anna married Peter Shaver on
21 May 1740, so perhaps Anna married twice. Herman bought land in
Hampshire/Hardy Co., WVa in 1749, where all his children were born, and
he died there in 1789.

The fact that his wife, his wife's family, and his sister's family all
were of the Reformed denomination, and that these families continued to
have close relations in Lancaster Co. PA, Hardy Co. WVa, and in
Tennessee, heavily supports the idea that Herman himself was of the
Reformed religion and lived in Lancaster Co. PA before moving to WVa.
However, some members of these familes also were Brethren Dunkers.

Interestingly, descendants of Herman claim that his family was Holland
Dutch; one describes him as a "Dutchman, could read no English, though a
Dutch scholar." These comments are reprinted in Anne Walker, "Life and
Achievements of Alfred Montgomery Shook" (1952) For Harmonous to be a
Dutch scholar, he must have been raised, and probably born in, the
Netherlands. A "scholar" would have been someone who could read and
write, and perhaps owned a few books; these were memorable
accomplishments in colonial days. If Herman's parents were from the
Netherlands, their surname originally was "Schook" or "Schoock." Families
by both names lived in the province of Gelderland. For example, Martinus
Schoock was a prominent Netherlands philosopher who debated with Rene
Descartes in the mid 1600's. Those who place Herman's and Catherine's
birthplaces in Switzerland may be assuming that they were born in the
same town as their eventual spouses. However, their marriages took place
after the Rugers and Schaubs arrived in PA in 1737, though all were of
marriageable age before then. It is my hypothesis that Herman and
Catherine were already living in Tulpehocken, PA when the Rugers and
Schaubs arrived, and they met because they were of the same Reformed
faith and possibly attended the same Tulpehocken Reformed church.

Another hypothesis which can account for both Herman's Dutch culturing
and for the close ties between the Rugers, Schaubs, and Shooks, is that
Herman's family was originally Swiss and that he and his sister were born
in Basel. If so, the family would have moved to Holland c.1720-1725, and
from there to America c.1730-1735 to await a reunion with the Rugers and
Schaubs. Why would they have moved? Since the family was Reformed, only
economic reasons would have driven them to Holland, not religious
persecution.

Herman and Anna had seven known children.


Herman Shook and His Family
Herman Shook is recorded under several different names: Herman, Hearmon,
Harmon, Harmonus, Hermanus. His surname is recorded as Schuck, Shook,
Shuck, etc. His given name was most likely Hermannus Schoch or Schoock.
"Hermannus" is the Latinized version of "Herman," used for christenings.
Herman's father was probably Herman Schoock/Schoch (c.1685-?), who lived
in the Netherlands. The name "Herman" was traditionally passed down in
the family. To reduce confusion, the eldest Herman Schoch will no longer
be mentioned, as no firm record of him is known to me. Herman Shook's
children all used "Shook," so this Americanized version will be applied
to Herman himself. Herman's namesake son will be referred to as "Herman
Jr." though some records use Harmonus Jr. Herman's sister was Catherine,
whose last name is often given as "Schoch." Information on Herman comes
from Rohrbach, "Rohrbach Genealogy, Vol. 3" (1982); Joseph E. Rigor, "The
Genealogical Records of Reiger, Rieger, Regur, Regar, Ragar, Rager,
Reger, Reager, Reagor, Rigour, Rigor and Allied Families" (1966); Larry
G. Shuck, "Shuck; Shock; Shook; Schuck; Schock; Schoock; Schug; Schuh;
Shough" (1990); Frank D. Shobe, The Record of the Shobe Family in
America" (1954); the Vandehey website; WFT v.4 #3399; Anne Walker, "Life
and Achievements of Alfred Montgomery Shook" (1952); and Wright Frost,
"The Frosts and Related Families of Bedford County, Tennesee." (1962).

Catherine Shook (1716-?)

She was probably born in the Netherlands, though one source places her
birth in Benken, Basel Canton, Switzerland. See the discussion of
Herman's birthplace below. She married Anthony Rieger/Reager, Jr., about
1740 in Pennsylvania (probably in Tulpehocken). He was the son of Anthony
Rieger Sr. and Juditha Schaub, and was born in Basel on 8 July 1713 and
died 1 Aug 1780 in VA. Anthony Sr. (born 1690 in Benken, Basel) and
Juditha (born 1690 in Benken, Basel; died c.1720) married c.1712 and had
three children: Anthony Jr., Burckhart (1717-?), and Barbara (1719-?).
After Juditha died, Anthony Sr. married Barbara (Wurtz) Schaub (1690-?).
Their children are Johannes Jacob (c.1724-19 May 1758) and Maria (?-?).
Another source lists Ursula (?-?). These children were also born in
Basel, Switz. Baptisms have been recorded for many of them; this fact
indicates the family's Swiss Reformed Church membership. Another
indication of their religious affiliation is provided by Rohrbach,
"Rohrbach Genealogy, Vol. 3" which shows the Reagers and Schucks on a
list of communicants of the South Fork German Reformed Church in Virginia
(now WVa) in 1767 (p. 30).
Barbara Wurtz's first husband was Jacob Schaub, who died c.1722. The
probable relation between Jacob and Juditha (siblings/cousins?) has not
yet been established. Barbara and Jacob had four children. Jacob Schaub
(1714- 1771) married Barbara Heyer. Elizabeth (1716-?) did not come with
the rest of the family to America. Anna Schaub (1719-?) probably married
Herman Shook (below), because only such a close relation could account
for the fact that Herman was named as an executor of both Anthony Sr.'s
and Anthony Jr.'s wills. Anna was thus the step-sister to Anthony Sr.'s
children: Anthony Jr., Barbara, etc. Martin (1721-1792) married Elizabeth
Heyer. Martin Schaub/Shobe was a neighbor of Herman and Lawrence Shook in
Hardy Co. WVa. [WFT v.6 #4208]

Anthony Rieger, Leonard Hyer, and several other families were making
plans in 1736 to leave Basel, for economic reasons. See Frank D. Shobe,
"The Record of the Shobe Family in America." The Rugers and the Hyers,
along with Jacob Shaub (1714-1771) and Simon Schunck, arrived in
Philadelphia 24 Sept 1737 on the "Virginus Grace." [WFT v.2 #4618]

Barbara married Frederick Gerhardt on 14 Feb 1740 in Tulpehocken Reformed
Church, Philadelphia, PA. The source of this info says that Barbara was
not born in Basel but in Bicken, Germany. Barbara and Frederick had nine
children. Frederick's first marriage to Elizabeth Fisher resulted in one
child, John Peter Gerhardt, who was born 28 Oct 1737 and baptized in
Langenelbot, Germany. John Peter was living in Berks Co. in the 1790's.
Barbara and Frederick are buried at North Heidelberg Church in Berks Co.,
PA. [Hofftree website]. Barbara's brother Burckhart died in Berkeley Co.,
PA and his descendants became Ragars.

Since Catherine married Anthony c.1738 (and her brother Herman married
Anna c.1744) it seems likely that her family came to America around the
same time as the Reagers and Schaubs. Of course, since no ship list has
yet been found to contain a Herman Schoch/Schuck, only speculation is
possible. The fact that Herman is described as "Holland Dutch" (see
below) indicates that his family is from the Netherlands, not
Switzerland. If so, the family may have arrived in America by way of New
York City, since New York was still heavily Dutch though controlled by
England. Bittinger describes the emigration of the Hyers, Schaubs,
Reagers, Stuckeys, and other families from Benken Switz. They all
immigrated through Philadelphia c.1737, and lived first in Tulpehocken,
then Berks Co., and then Lancaster Co., PA. They came to the South Branch
of the Potomac (Hardy Co., West Virginia) around 1747. These families
were heavily intermarried, along with the Shooks. It is thus likely that
Catherine and Herman traveled with them. Catherine and Anthony had most
of their children in Lancaster Co., while Herman went on to West
Virginia.

Catherine and Anthony had nine children; the first was born in Berks Co.,
while the rest were born in Lancaster Co., PA. [Vandehey] [Alfred M.
Shook] [Jadetree website]
1. Barbara Reager/Rieger (1740-aft1795). Born in Tulpehocken Twp., Berks
Co., PA.
Married John Rohrbach/Rorabaugh c.1760. Died in Hardy Co., WVa.
2. Judith Reager. She married Johann Ulrich Spohr.
3. Jacob Reager
4. Anthony Reager, III (1746-1824)
5. Mary Reager (1747-c1804). She married Georges Simon.
6. John Reger (c.1750-?)
7. Magdalen Reager
8. Henry Reager
9. Martin Reager


Herman Shook (c.1718-1789)
Herman Shook was probably born in Gelderland, Netherlands. One source
places his birth in Basel, Switz. He married Anna Schaub about 1744,
probably in PA. Anna was the daughter of Jacob Schaub and Barbara Wurtz
(see above). Anna came with her mother, brother Jacob, and step-family on
the "Virginus Grace" in 1737. Herman therefore married his sister's
brother's half-sister. One source says that Anna married Peter Shaver on
21 May 1740, so perhaps Anna married twice. Herman bought land in
Hampshire/Hardy Co., WVa in 1749, where all his children were born, and
he died there in 1789.

The fact that his wife, his wife's family, and his sister's family all
were of the Reformed denomination, and that these families continued to
have close relations in Lancaster Co. PA, Hardy Co. WVa, and in
Tennessee, heavily supports the idea that Herman himself was of the
Reformed religion and lived in Lancaster Co. PA before moving to WVa.
However, some members of these familes also were Brethren Dunkers.

Interestingly, descendants of Herman claim that his family was Holland
Dutch; one describes him as a "Dutchman, could read no English, though a
Dutch scholar." These comments are reprinted in Anne Walker, "Life and
Achievements of Alfred Montgomery Shook" (1952) For Harmonous to be a
Dutch scholar, he must have been raised, and probably born in, the
Netherlands. A "scholar" would have been someone who could read and
write, and perhaps owned a few books; these were memorable
accomplishments in colonial days. If Herman's parents were from the
Netherlands, their surname originally was "Schook" or "Schoock." Families
by both names lived in the province of Gelderland. For example, Martinus
Schoock was a prominent Netherlands philosopher who debated with Rene
Descartes in the mid 1600's. Those who place Herman's and Catherine's
birthplaces in Switzerland may be assuming that they were born in the
same town as their eventual spouses. However, their marriages took place
after the Rugers and Schaubs arrived in PA in 1737, though all were of
marriageable age before then. It is my hypothesis that Herman and
Catherine were already living in Tulpehocken, PA when the Rugers and
Schaubs arrived, and they met because they were of the same Reformed
faith and possibly attended the same Tulpehocken Reformed church.

Another hypothesis which can account for both Herman's Dutch culturing
and for the close ties between the Rugers, Schaubs, and Shooks, is that
Herman's family was originally Swiss and that he and his sister were born
in Basel. If so, the family would have moved to Holland c.1720-1725, and
from there to America c.1730-1735 to await a reunion with the Rugers and
Schaubs. Why would they have moved? Since the family was Reformed, only
economic reasons would have driven them to Holland, not religious
persecution.


Harmonius SHOOK , Sr. is the 7th great grandfather of Michael Owen RECK.




Michael O. Reck <E-mail: >
Researching:
BAIR-BIRT-BOYD-BRANDON-CURTIS-DAVIDSON-FLETCHER-FRANTZ-HENNING-HOWE-JAYNE
-KOHR-LESHER-MILLER-MUNCY-PEARSON-RANDOLPH-RECK-REIGLE-SHOOK-STOEVER-URME
Y-ZELLER

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