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From: "Heather MacAlister - Ancestry 24" <>
Subject: Re: [ZA-EC] International Order of Good Templars
Date: Mon, 20 Oct 2008 20:08:55 +0200
References: <mailman.926.1224486122.19123.south-africa-eastern-cape@rootsweb.com><E3039566A9C046B39F5D649E14B62855@Asus>


Hello Erleen

INDEPENDENT ORDER OF GOOD TEMPLARS [IOGT]
Founded in 1851 in Utica, New York, the Independent Order of Good Templars
was the most successful secret society in the temperance movement. Its
founder, Daniel Cady, had been a member of an earlier temperance order, and
felt the need for a secret society along similar lines that concentrated its
efforts entirely on opposition to alcohol, instead of combining its
temperance activities with fraternal benefits and other activities.

Cady's first attempt at a temperance society was the Knights of Jericho,
founded in Utica in 1850. Within a year this society reorganized itself as
the Order of Good Templars, drawing on the image and legends of the medieval
Knights Templars as a basis for the new ritual. Members pledged never to
drink alcohol, and campaigned for prohibition. A series of early political
disputes saw a faction break away from the Order of Good Templars and rename
itself the Independent Order of Good Templars; while the original order
never got far, the IOGT expanded steadily and in 1868 established its first
lodge in Great Britain at Birmingham. By 1900 it was the largest secret
society in the temperance movement, with lodges in more than 30 countries.
Unlike most other secret societies of the time, the Good Templars admitted
men and women on an equal basis and gave leadership positions to women. It
also kept its original strict focus on temperance issues. Buoyed by these
sources of strength, the IOGT became one of the major forces in the
international struggle to prohibit alcohol. In 1902 it changed its name to
the International Order of Good Templars.
The passage of Prohibition in the United States in 1919, however, convinced
many people that the IOGT was no longer needed, now that its work was done,
and the resounding failure of the new legislation in the 1920s caused it to
lose credibility. The creation of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in 1937 posed an
additional challenge, since AA quickly encroached on the IOGT's role as an
organization for reformed alcoholics, and its widely copied "12 step"
program proved more popular than the IOGT's moralizing approach. During the
middle years of the twentieth century the IOGT abandoned the secret society
traditions it had adopted from its fraternal roots, and now exists as an
international federation of anti-alcohol organizations.


The Independent Order of True Templars was virtually entirely black
fraternal temperance society organized by Good Templars in South Africa.

Well know personalilty Sol Plaatjie was a member of this fraternity. Any
reading matter on Sol and his life would probably lead you to some
litertature on this society.

Author June McKinnon who is or was a member of the Western Cape Genealogical
Society wrote "The Women's Christian Temperance Union: Aspects of Early
Feminism in the Cape, 1889 to 1930" (M.A. thesis, University of South
Africa, 1996). She would be a good lead to follow and a wonderful historian

Also True Templars in South Africa (booklet)
Kort geskiedkundige oorsig van die SWD Hoe Tempel 3 Mei 1899-3 Mei 1999.
Pacaltsdorp (29 Lynx St., Delville Park, Pacaltsdorp 6529): F.E. Abrahams,
[1999].


The Cape Town National Library has the following periodicals:

ocation Cape Town Campus
Corp author Independent Order of True Templars. Western Grand Temple.
Title Synopsis of minutes and proceedings of the Western Grand Temple of the
Independent Order of True Templars at their ... annual session = Korte
verslag van de notulen en de verrichtingen van de Westelike Hoo'e Tempel van
de Onafhankelike Orde van Ware Tempelieren.
Publisher Cape Town : The Order, [1889]-


LOCATION SHELF NO STATUS
Cape Town General Collection PENDING CEASED ON SHELF


Pub date Began in [1889?]
Frequency Annual.
Note Description based on: 25th (1914)
Subject Independent Order of True Templars -- Periodicals.
Temperance -- South Africa -- Societies, etc. -- History.
Temperance -- South Africa -- Periodicals.


Location Cape Town Campus
Corp author Independent Order of True Templars. Right Worthy True Temple.
Title Synopsis of proceeings of the ... session of the Right Worthy True
Temple of the Independent Order of True Templars.
Publisher [Cape Town] : The Order, [1875]-


LOCATION SHELF NO STATUS
Cape Town General Collection PENDING CEASED ON SHELF


Pub date Began in 1875.
Frequency Every four years.
Note Description based on: 10th (1916)
Subject Independent Order of True Templars -- Periodicals.
Temperance -- South Africa -- Societies, etc. -- Periodicals.
Temperance -- South Africa -- Periodicals.

Contact the library:

Cape Town Campus
(5 Queen Victoria Street, Cape Town) 09:00 - 17:00
(Wednesday: 10:00 - 17:00) Closed Tel. +27 21 4246320 Email
<mailto:>

best wishes

Heather MacAlister
Channel Manager

Tel:021 468 8088
Fax: 021 468 8207
Mobile: 082 8082251
www.ancestry24.co.za <http://www.ancestry24.co.za/>;

MSN:


________________________________

From: on behalf of Erleen
Sent: Mon 2008/10/20 07:43 PM
To:
Subject: [ZA-EC] International Order of Good Templars



Hello all,
Does anyone know anything about the International Order of Good Templars.
I have found a certificate belonging to my late Grandad and am interested to
know about it.
With Thanks
Erleen West



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