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From: nantes kruger <>
Subject: Re: [SOUTH-AFRICA] Discoverer of Rinderpest vaccine dies
Date: Wed, 24 Mar 2010 00:09:03 +0200
References: <4BA94E7C.17577.3F6C5A78@localhost><734C5BB127824C0694387164D944AE3C@TombiPeckPC>
In-Reply-To: <734C5BB127824C0694387164D944AE3C@TombiPeckPC>


Hi Tombi

What was your grandfather's name and what was his farm's name? I am
researching the history of some farms in the Heidelberg area

Regards

Nantes

On Tue, Mar 23, 2010 at 11:44 PM, Tombi Peck <> wrote:

> Thanks for this Steve. My great grandfather lost his farm in the Heidelberg
> area of the Transvaal Republic in 1895.....He was made bankrupt by this
> hideous disease.
> Best wishes,
> Tombi Peck
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Steve Hayes" <>
> To: <>
> Sent: Tuesday, March 23, 2010 9:27 PM
> Subject: [SOUTH-AFRICA] Discoverer of Rinderpest vaccine dies
>
>
> > Anyone whose ancestors were living in Africa in the 1890s will probably
> > have
> > heard of the Rinderpest. In those days railways were still in their
> > infancy,
> > and only connected major towns. The death of draft animals had a
> > devastating
> > effect on transport and trade, as well as for people whose primary source
> > of
> > food was cattle, like the Maasai of East Africa.
> >
> > http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-
> > dyn/content/article/2010/03/22/AR2010032203525.html
> >
> > WALTER PLOWRIGHT, 86
> >
> > Walter Plowright, 86, dies; his cattle vaccine saved lives
> >
> > By Thomas H. Maugh II, Los Angeles Times
> >
> > March 23, 2010
> >
> > Walter Plowright, 86, the British veterinarian who discovered a vaccine
> > that
> > has almost totally eliminated the cattle disease rinderpest, died Feb. 19
> > in
> > London. No cause of death was reported.
> >
> > Most Americans probably have never heard of rinderpest, a virus in the
> > same
> > family as measles that causes one of the most lethal diseases in cattle.
> > It
> > never established a foothold in the Americas and was eliminated from
> > Europe
> > early in the 20th century, but its introduction to Africa in 1889 in
> > cattle
> > shipped from India caused what some consider the most catastrophic
> natural
> > disaster ever to affect that continent.
> >
> > The virus, which strikes primarily cloven-footed animals, killed nearly
> 90
> > percent of cattle in sub-Saharan Africa, along with sheep, goats,
> > buffaloes,
> > giraffes and wildebeests. The loss of plow animals, herds and hunting
> > resulted in mass starvation that killed one-third of Ethiopia's
> population
> > and two-thirds of the Masai people in Tanzania. Subsequent outbreaks
> > further
> > contributed to poverty and starvation in the region.
> >
> > Dr. Plowright was a young veterinary pathologist assigned to the United
> > Kingdom's East African Veterinary Research Organization laboratory at
> > Muguga, Kenya, when he and colleague R.D. Ferris began studying the
> > rinderpest virus in 1956. Several groups had tried without success to
> > develop a weakened version of the virus that could serve as a vaccine in
> > the
> > way that Edward Jenner had used a weak cowpox virus to produce a smallpox
> > vaccine.
> >
> > Dr. Plowright decided to use the relatively new technique of growing the
> > virus in cells in glass tubes. After passaging the virus through nearly
> > 100
> > generations of cell cultures over eight years, he and Ferris obtained a
> > weakened version that could provoke immunity to rinderpest but did not
> > produce disease. The weakened virus was inexpensive to produce and could
> > be
> > grown in large quantities.
> >
> > The vaccine, called tissue culture rinderpest vaccine, was quickly
> > adopted,
> > but cattle growers did not initially use it for long enough and outbreaks
> > occurred again. One such outbreak in Nigeria resulted in more than $2
> > billion in losses.
> >
> > In 1994, the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization led a
> > global
> > eradication program that trained veterinarians and farmers to recognize
> > and
> > control rinderpest and promoted widespread vaccinations. The last major
> > outbreak of the disease occurred in Kenya in 2001, and the U.N. agency is
> > expected to declare the virus eradicated in the wild this year.
> Rinderpest
> > and smallpox will then be the only disease viruses that have been
> > eradicated
> > worldwide.
> >
> > The FAO has said that the cost of the rinderpest eradication campaign was
> > about $3 million. That investment, the agency says, has led to an
> increase
> > of $47 billion in food production in Africa and a $289 billion increase
> in
> > India.
> >
> > Dr. Plowright's technique has been adopted for other viral diseases,
> > including African swine fever, malignant catarrhal fever and poxviruses.
> > In
> > 1999, he was awarded the prestigious World Food Prize.
> >
> > Walter Plowright was born July 20, 1923, in Holbeach, Lincolnshire,
> > England.
> > He graduated from the Royal Veterinary College in London in 1944, served
> > in
> > the Royal Army Veterinary Corps and in 1950 joined the Colonial
> Veterinary
> > Service.
> >
> > Dr. Plowright is survived by his wife of 50 years, Dorothy.
> >
> > --
> > Keep well,
> > Steve Hayes
> > Web: http://hayesfam.bravehost.com/famhist1.htm
> > http://hayesgreene.wordpress.com
> > E-mail:
> >
> >
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>
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--
Nantes Kruger


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