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From:
Subject: North Carolina's Union Regiments
Date: Sun, 10 Sep 2000 05:33:16 -0500


Howdy,
So far, I haven't seen any mention on this list of North Carolina's nine
Union Regiments (4 White, 5 Black). I am part of a small group of
volunteers (now down to two) who have been transcribing the data from
the microfilm of the Regimental Descriptive Books which we purchased
from the National Archives. The four White union regiments from NC were
the 1st & 2nd NC Union Volunteer Infantry, and the Second and Third
North Carolina Mounted Infantry. The five Black union regiments from NC
were the 35th, 36th, 37th & 135th US Colored Infantries and the 14th US
Colored Heavy Artillery. Work has been completed on the 1st & 2nd NC
Union Volunteer's and approximately half done on the US Colored
Regiments. (Volunteer transcribers are greatly needed.) The URL's for
these web sites are:
NC Union Volunteers Project:
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~ncuv/ncuv.htm
NC US Colored Troops Project: http://www.rootsweb.com/~ncusct/usct.htm

For an interesting article on the formation of the union regiments in NC
and some insite into the men who served, please see Dr. Donald E.
Collins' article, "Eastern North Carolinians in the Union Army: The
First and Second North Carolina Union Volunteer Regiments," at:
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~ncuv/collins1.htm
The first few paragraphs are below.

John B. McGowan

Hyde Co., NCGenWeb Pages
http://www.rootsweb.com/~nchyde/HYDE.HTM

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Eastern North Carolinians in the Union Army:
The First and Second North Carolina Union Volunteer Regiments
By Dr. Donald E. Collins

The War Between the States was truly a civil war in every sense
of the word. Although the popular image is of North fighting
South, it is also true that Northerners in significant numbers
supported the South, and Southerners in significant numbers
fought for the North. Eighty-five [White] Union army regiments
were recruited in the Confederate States:
51 from Tennessee;
10 from Arkansas;
10 from Louisiana;
4 from North Carolina;
4 from Texas;
2 from Florida;
1 from Alabama;
1 from Arkansas;
1 from Georgia;
1 from Mississippi; &
1 from Virginia.
While many of these Southern Unionists confined their service
to within their native states, many others took active roles
in fighting against the Southern Confederacy. Alabama and
Tennessee Union regiments fought under Sherman in the Atlanta
campaign and joined him for his March to the Sea. At least
two Tennessee regiments fought at Fort Fisher, occupied
Wilmington, fought at Avrasboro and Bentonville, occupied
Raleigh, and were present at Johnston's surrender at Bennett
Place.

North Carolina's four [White] Union regiments were: the First
and Second North Carolina Union Volunteer Infantry, and the
Second and Third North Carolina Mounted Infantry. The two
mounted infantry regiments were stationed in Knoxville,
Tennessee and saw service primarily in the mountains of Western
North Carolina and (Eastern) Tennessee. The two infantry
regiments were organized in eastern North Carolina and remained
in that region for the entire war.

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