SPRINKLE-L ArchivesArchiver > SPRINKLE > 2007-05 > 1180639488
From: "susan" <>
Subject: [SPRINKLE] George Frederick Cooper/Kieffer
Date: Thu, 31 May 2007 15:24:48 -0400
I was not going to post this whole article at once -felt it might be too
much at once to digest-but after seeing that some of the list is really
discussing George Cooper I decided I would go ahead and post it. This is a
summary about George Frederick Cooper and his life . I believe it to be
accurate as possible but one thing I have learned is that nothing is always
100% accurate espcially when you go that far back. So if anyone sees any
errors please let me know.
GEORGE FREDERICK COOPER/KIEFFER/KEIFFER
Frederick Cooper was born in 1759 in York County, Pennsylvania, and
died on October 27, 1841, in Wayne County, Kentucky, at the age of
eighty-two. All family records give his name as George Frederick Cooper.
Records of Jacob Lischy's Private Pastoral Record, York County, Volume 3,
show that Gorg Friedrich of Abraham Kieiffer and Christina, was baptized on
January 25, 1761. Sponsors: Gorg Fried. Pflieger and Margareth. A note
says that these records are found in the First Reformed Church of York.
The father of Frederick, Abraham Keiffer/Kieffer, was born February 7,
1728, in Breitenbach, Germany. He married Christina, daughter of Michael
and Anna Margaretha (Miller) Springle/Sprenckle on November 30, 1752, in
Heidelberg Township, York County. She was born in Pennsylvania. Abraham
died in 1764 in York County, Pennsylvania, still a young man, about
thirty-six years old.
The father of Abraham, Johan Casper Kieffer, born May 1, 1704, was
baptized in Breitenbach, Germany. He emigrated to America with his brother,
Abraham, on the ship, "Two Brothers" in 1748. He married Maria Agnes
Glocker in 1725. She was born about 1710, in Pfalz, Germany. The birth of
their son, Abraham, was recorded in Breitenbach Reformed Church. Johan
Casper died about 1768 in York County, Pennsylvania. Other children of
Johan Casper Kieffer and Maria Agnes Glocker are: Maria Barbara Kieffer;
Maria Elizabeth; Johan Ludwig; Maria Margaretha; Anna Maria; and Casper.
These appear to have continued their lives in York County, Pennsylvania.
One descendant has the father of Johan Casper Kieffer as Johann Leonardt
Kieffer, born about 1684 in Germany, married to Anna Margaretha, and his
father as Jacob Kieffer, born 1642 in Germany. However, I have no proof on
any of that information.
The siblings of Frederick Cooper were: Johan Ludwig, born April 13,
1755, baptized September 22, 1755, sponsored by his Uncle Johan Ludwig
Kieffer and Anna M. Sprenglerin; Johan Henrich, baptized September 22, 1756,
sponsored by Heinrich and Margaretha (his grandmother) Eberhardt; Catherina,
baptized February 4, 1759, sponsored by Jacob and Catharina Pfleger; George
Fredrick, baptized January 25, 1761, sponsored by Georg Fredrick and
Margreth Pfleger. (Frederick appears to have received his name from his
sponsor's. It was the custom for sponsors or godparents to be members of
the family, usually brothers or sisters, or the grandparents themselves if
the child was being named after them. (Margreth Pfleger was the daughter of
Johan Casper Kieffer and Agnes Glockner.)
Frederick was about five years old when his father died. Frederick's
sister, Catharina, married Jacob Speck in 1775 in York County, Pennsylvania.
Jacob Speck was appointed guardian for Frederick, who must have been about
sixteen when his sister married.
In Asher Young's book on William Armstrong Cooper, grandson of
Frederick, a tale is told that the death of Frederick's father, when he
was about five years old, made a deep impression on him, and that the
marriage of his mother to Jacob Welchans disturbed him as he did not like
his new stepfather. One evening, he supposedly went to the stable, led out
a small red mule, mounted, and rode away, never to return. When reaching
York, he joined the Revolutionary forces. How much of this is true, and how
much is family lore, is not known. He did substitute twice in the place of a
Jacob Welchans in the Revolution. If I conclude that this same man was his
stepfather, and he had such a dislike for the man, it would stand to reason
that he would not substitute for him, even for the money.
At the age of eighteen, in September, 1777, Frederick Cooper entered
the service of the United States to fight in the Revolutionary War as a
substitute for one Jacob Welchhaus. (Was this his stepfather?) He enlisted
in the County of York, State of Pennsylvania, where he resided. In his
application for a pension, due him for his service in the Revolutionary War,
he stated that he did not belong to any particular regiment, battalion, or
division, but served in a company under Captain Lark. After a march through
the State of Pennsylvania, he crossed the Innola River with this company,
finally being stationed at the lead mines for three months, at which time
his term of service expired. His discharge which he received for this tour
of duty was lost.
Frederick Cooper entered on a second term of service and substituted
for the same man in the month of April, 1778, in the County of York,
Pennsylvania. According to his own words, he drove a wagon of provisions
for the army to Valley Forge where Washington's army then lay. From there
he drove a wagon to the head of Elk Horn River and back to Valley Forge. He
then took his wagon on to Monmouth Courthouse, where he was discharged.
This document was also lost.
At the age of twenty or twenty-one, about 1780, he left Pennsylvania
for Rowan County, North Carolina. He does not disclose any more information
about this move. Would it not be interesting to know if he made the journey
alone, with friends, or with other members of his family? How did they
travel? Was it by foot, by wagon, or on horseback? What adventures did he
have along the trail? His sister, Catherina and her husband, Jacob Speck,
also went to North Carolina in 1780, so it is probable that he traveled
along with them. We do know that Jacob Speck was in the Revolution, and
killed at the fierce battle of Camden, South Carolina, the same battle in
which our Frederick was captured.
In any case, he arrived in Rowan County, where he enlisted again on
May 1, 1780, in the militia of that state, under Captain Locke. The company
was commanded by Captain Enoch. He states that they marched to South
Carolina, where they joined the army there under General Gates, near Rugby's
Mill. In a few weeks after joining Gates, they joined the army under the
command of General Sumpter in South Carolina. He states he was with Sumpter
at the battle of the Ford of Wateree, where they were defeated, which
history calls the battle of Camden, South Carolina. Frederick was captured
at this battle, and taken prisoner by the British, but states that he made
his escape in eight or ten hours. This was the same battle in which his
brother-in-law, Jacob Speck, was killed on August 16, 1780, according to one
of his ancestors. This was the worst defeat ever inflicted upon an American
army in battle. The British losses were 324, but the American casualties,
killed, wounded, and missing, were approximately 1,050, of which the
Continentals suffered 650, over two-thirds of their number. (How we would
love to have had his personal account of this battle and his capture and
He then marched back to North Carolina, and joined General Davidson,
and was under him when "a parcel" of British and Tories were routed at
Colston's on the Santee River, South Carolina. He was then discharged,
having served three months, but again this discharge was lost.
Frederick doesn't give up. In October, 1780, he entered the service
of the United States again as a substitute for Daniel Adams, this time under
Captain Colston. He was marched to South Carolina between Broad River and
Racklett (?) River. From thence, he was engaged in the battle of Cowpens,
which they won. His enlistment for this period of time was three months.
Frederick's account of the battle of Cowpens was very brief. In the
book, titled, The Patriots at the Cowpens, by Bobby Gilmer Moss. Frederick
Cooper's name and some biographical information was listed in this book.
The site of this engagement, fought on January 17, 1781, was called the
Cowpens because it was used as a spot to round up stray cattle, located in
an open woods with trees. Of the l,100 British engaged, 930 were killed,
wounded, or captured, while the Americans lost only 70 killed or wounded.
After the battle of Cowpens, Frederick's term of enlistment was
completed. However, on April 28, 1781, in Rowan County, North Carolina, he
enlisted again in the service of the United States in the regular army as a
corporal. According to him, he was marched to a place called Ninety-Six in
South Carolina where he was in the siege there, and was attached to a unit
under the command of General Greene.
Again, Frederick's account of this siege was sparse. Actually, General
Greene's target was the fort at Ninety-Six, but when arriving there, he
found that the stockade was too strong to be taken by assault by the small
force at his disposal, so they began regular night and day siege operations.
After about two weeks, however,
Frederick was sent back to Salisbury, North Carolina, with some prisoners,
according to his own words.
In the meantime, the siege of the stockade continued, and on June 8,
Lee came to help, and Pickens arrived soon after. Work was begun to cut off
the water supply to the stockade, but was continuously interrupted by night
sorties of the enemy. When the Americans heard that reinforcements were on
their way for the enemy, a last desperate assault was made against the fort,
which failed, so Greene and his men withdrew. He and his army had been
defeated, but the Americans won in the end, as the enemy ordered the
garrison to evacuate the fort, and demolished it.
After delivering his prisoners to Salisbury, North Carolina, Frederick
went back to South Carolina, where he joined the troops again under General
Greene. This was at the high hills of Santee. After a march with the army
to Eutaw Springs, they engaged in the battle fought at that place. A list
of the commanders in this last battle on the American side were: Generals
Marion, Pickens, and Sumter, and Colonels Lee and William Washington. On
the British side were: Colonel Stuart and Colonel Cruger, of Ninety-Six
To elaborate on this battle, since Frederick does not, the numbers on
September 8, 1781 were about equal, with 2,300 Americans against 2,000
British. Greene attacked, but after a bloody battle relinquished the field.
Both sides were exhausted and each claimed the victory. The Americans lost
about 25 per cent of their strength on this day, while the British loss was
40 per cent. For all practical purposes, according to Colonel Joseph B.
Mitchell, author of Decisive Battles of the American Revolution, the battle
of Eutaw Springs ended the campaign. South
Carolina and Georgia had been regained, with the exception of Charleston and
Frederick states that after the battle at Eutaw Springs, he marched
with his company on after the British to Ashley River near Charleston, where
he remained until discharged, having served a term of twelve months.
Unfortunately, this written discharge was also lost over the years. (In his
application for a Revolutionary War pension, he mentioned a Thomas Merit who
could prove a good part of this service.)
Sometime in September of 1781, Frederick married Dorothy Call in Rowan
County, North Carolina, the county seat being Salisbury. He was around
twenty-two years of age, and she was about sixteen, the daughter of William
and Catherine Call.
Dorothy Call's father, William, had anglicized his name from the
German, Wilhelm Kahl, as was common practice in this country. In Orange
County, Virginia, where, on February 27, 1744, William Cawl (as spelled in
the deed), purchased 170 acres of land on the great forks of the
Rappahannock River from a German named John Paul Voght. Culpepper County
was formed in 1778 from part of Orange, and his land fell into that county.
This same land as of today lies in Madison County, due to changes in county
lines. On October 17, 1765, William and his wife, Catherine, sold their
land in Virginia, and moved to Rowan County, North Carolina. Our Frederick
must have met this family there.
The old land records of Davie County, formerly a part of Rowan County,
show William Cawl and Frederick Culpher having land adjoining each other.
The records also show Frederick Cupher, on November 4, 1784, obtaining a
State Grant No. 821, at fifty shillings the 100 acres, for 559 acres on
Buffalo Creek adjoining John Brunt.
Germans who streamed from Pennsylvania before the Revolution settled on
the east side of Dutchman's Creek, which is now in Davie County, the parent
county being Rowan. Records of the Old Dutch Meeting House in Davie
County show that Frederich Kieffer and wife, Dorthea, attended church there,
along with the Kahls. They are listed as being communicants in the year
1792. The records also show that this church was originally called the
Heidelberg Evangelical Lutheran Church, better known as the Dutch Meeting
House. According to the history of this church, an old leatherbound church
record book gives some insight into the early history of this offshoot of
the Protestant Reformation that was transplanted in the new world. The
German script was translated some years ago, and later records were in
English. Familiar names are found in these records, although the spelling
was changed as time went on, and English became the universal language. The
name, Kahl, is now Call; Kieffer became Cupher or Cooper, etc.
Frederick and Dorothy evidently remained in Rowan County for about
eighteen years, as it appears that in 1799, they removed to Wayne County,
Kentucky, where they settled on the Cumberland River at the mouth of Beaver
Creek. In A Century of Wayne County, Kentucky, 1800-1900, Vol. 2, the
author states that the Coopers settled first in Mercer County, Kentucky, and
then Wayne County. The records indicate they resided in Wayne County about
thirty-three years before Frederick's death.
From 1800 to 1810, each year brought a large number of families to
Wayne County, Kentucky, according to Augusta Phillips Johnson's book
mentioned in the preceding paragraph. Grants under the "Headrights'
provision were made to a number of people, among them Frederick Cooper.
Some of these people had received grants for Revolutionary War service, and
this was additional land taken up in this way.
In a History of Kentucky Baptists, Vol. 2, according to family
tradition, George Frederick Cooper came with Daniel Boone to Kentucky in
1775, and was with the pioneer, Daniel, when he recaptured his daughter and
Miss Calloway, from the Indians in July of the following year. I have no
proof but just some stories. His granddaughter, Elizabeth Cooper Sandusky
is said to have related an incident regarding Frederick and his dog. One
day the dog "holed" a black bear, and Frederick decided that he would go
into the hole or cave and see what the dog had cornered. It was dark inside
the cave, and before he could draw his hunting knife, which he wore in his
belt, the bear grabbed him, pinning his arms at his side. It was with great
difficulty that Frederick was finally able to pull his hunting knife and
stab the bear in the heart. This bear was so large that he could not lift
it, but had to tie its feet together with twigs and pry it out with a pole.
So goes the story.
Frederick may have first come to Kentucky in 1775, when he was a lad of
sixteen, but this is rather doubtful. At this time, Boone was already in
North Carolina, and from all indications, Frederick was still in York
County, Pennsylvania. However, Daniel Boone was born in Pennsylvania, moved
to the same county, Rowan, where the Coopers lived, so who knows what the
truth of the matter is. It is a matter of record that a William Cooper, who
some genealogist says was a brother to Frederick, raised a corn crop in
1775-76 on a tract of land lying on the left bank of Otter Creek near
Boonesboro, and that Frederick accompanied him there. As of yet I have no
proof as to whether or not Frederick did accompany him.
Dorothy bore a total of ten children for Frederick. A partial listing
of the names of these children was still in the old Dutch Bible, according
to Dorothy in her application for a pension after her husband's death. In
researching this type of Bible, it appears that publication first began in
1637 when Calvinism was the dominating religion in Europe. It was called
the States-General Bible of the Dutch Reform Church, and put out by the
synod of Dordrecht. It remained of value to Dutch Protestanism, and was
adopted in 1860 by the Mennonites.
The date of Dorothy and Frederick's marriage had also been recorded in
this Bible, according to her account, but, unfortunately, it got torn out.
She should neither read or write, and the Bible information had been written
in by one of her children. The names of the three still listed there were:
William, born November 25, 1795; John Cooper, born June 9, 1793; and
Abraham Cooper, born November 9, 1798. She listed all of her children in
the following order: Caty Cooper, the oldest, born June, 1784; Anne Cooper,
born February, 1786; Daniel Cooper, born February, 1788; Henry Cooper, born
1790; John Cooper, born June 9, 1793; William Cooper, born November 25,
1795; Abraham Cooper, born November 9, 1798; Betsy Cooper, born March, 1803;
Isaac Cooper, born December 20, 1805; Jacob Cooper, born April, 1808.
Beginning on October 20, 1818, Frederick Cooper drew $8.00 per month
pension on his Revolutionary War service. Many persons had tried to assist
him in his pension efforts; namely, Jesse Speck, who stated he was well
acquainted with Frederick Cooper and his wife, Dorothy, in Rowan County,
North Carolina in 1789; Jacob Back; Thomas Merit; Zachariah Sanders; Adam
Back; Isaac Cooper; Charles Back; Matthew Floyd; and Abel Shrewsbury.
In November, 1841, Frederick Cooper's will was probated in Wayne
County, Kentucky. He left to his beloved wife, "Dolley", all his landed
estate and four Negroes; namely, a woman named Linda; a boy thirteen years
old named Green; an eight year old girl named Rachael; a seven year old boy
named Penny; plus as much of personal property as needed for her support
during her life. The executors were to sell a Negro boy named Patrick, and
all personal property his wife, Dolley, did not need. Other bequests were
made to his children. His two sons, Isaac and Jacob, were named as
The immediate cause of death is not known, but we do know that
Frederick suffered with rheumatism from the age of fifty-six. His death, at
the age of eighty-two, occurred on October 27, 1841. From all indications,
our ancestor was a brave, staunch, religious, patriotic, and hardy pioneer.
MAY HE REST IN PEACE.
List of Passengers to Philadelphia from ship, Two Brothers.
Thoams Arnot, Master, from Rotterdam but last from
Portsmouth, England. Sept. 15, 1748.
Casper Kiefer, Abraham Kiefer, and Abraham, Jr.
Page from Bible of Frederick and Dorothy Cooper.
Young, Asher Leon. William Armstrong Cooper. Nashville, 1980.
Clark, Walter, Editor. The State Records of North Carolina. Vol. XVII -
Spencer, J. S. A History of Kentucky. Vol. 2. Oklahoma, 1836.
Elliott, Lawrence. The Long Hunter - A New Life of Daniel Boone. New
York, Reader's Digest Press,, 1976.
Revolutionary War Pension File No. W3001, of Frederick Cooper, on file in
the Archives of Washington, D.C.
Byrer, Irene Atwood, Comp. Pleasant Hill Baptist Church. Cincinnati,
Ohio, Byrer, 1982.
Marriage Records of Rowan County, North Carolina.
Phillips, Augusta. Century of Wayne County, Kentucky, 1800-1900.
Louisville, Kentucky, Standard Printing Co., 1939.
Will of William Call, Rowan County, North Carolina. (In Archives, Raleigh,
Will of Frederick Cooper, Wayne County, Kentucky. Will Book A, Pages
Wayne County Historical Society. Pictorial Review of Wayne County, Ky.
Nutter, Mildred Moody. Marriages of Wayne County, Ky., 1801-1860.
Rushville, Indiana, Nutter, 1972.
Rowan County, N.C. Deed Book 10:136. State Grant #848 to Frederick Cupher.
Egle, ed. Names of Foreigners Who Took the Oath of Allegiance to the
Province and State of Pennsylvania - 1727-1775. Baltimore, Genealogical
Pub. Co., 1976.
Map of Wayne County in 1800, showing approximate location of early
Old Dutch Meeting House Records from the Mocksville Enterprise, March 14,
Located in Davie County, N.C. Library or the State Archives in Raleigh.
Information from Ann Speck Summers; Barbara Brinkley, Eastland, Texas;
Diana Apker; Carla Smith; and Marilyn Finer-Collins.
The Keefer/Kieffer Line. Ancestors of Richard Alan Lebo.
List of foreigners imported in the ship, Samuel, of London. Hugh Percy,
Master, from Rotterdam. Qualified August 11, 1732. Friedrich Kieffer, age
49; Jacob Kieffer, age 27, and Johan Leonhardt Kieffer, age 27, and Jacob
Keffer, age 8, are listed.
Family Treemaker's Genealogy Site: Descendants of Frederick Cooper.
Jacob Lischy's Private Pastoral Record, York County, Vol. 3.
An article by Richard Keefer, DeKalb, Ill., retired professor of German and
"Kupfer, Kistler, Kerfer, Kuffer - all due to the German script of the two
'ffs', the double consonants were often used in the 18th century and before
and . . . taking the name of their trade. A 'kufe' is a vat or barrel, a
'Kuffer' the person who makes them. 'Kieffer' is a dialectical spelling of
the same sound as the 'u'. 'Kifferin' is the female form, as it exists
today in other nouns; more . . .variations in the census of 1790."
SOME DESCENDANTS OF FREDERICK COOPER AND DOROTHY CALL
Born June, 1784
Born February, 1786
Born February, 1788
Born June 9, 1793
Born November 25, 1795
Born November 9, 1798
Born March 1, 1803
Born December 20, 1805
Born April, 1808