Archiver > UNDERWOOD > 2004-03 > 1078883437

From: "gjarrell" <>
Subject: [Underwood] James Underwood Chickasaw Indian cheif
Date: Tue, 9 Mar 2004 20:50:37 -0500

From: "Debbie McMinn" <>
Subject: [TNDICKSO] Fw: Underwood Chickasaw
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 12:49:36 -0600

Sorry guys, It was Chickasaw not Cherokee. But so many have asked and
emailed me about it I decided to post it to the list. This was sent to me
from Lola by Cora. I hope it answers some questions but I still havent
found any proof of where they were.


-----Original Message-----
From: J. Jenkins <>
To: Debbie McMinn <>
Date: Monday, January 03, 2000 11:55 AM
Subject: Underwood

> I recieved this from Cora and was wondering what you thought about it..
>You may already have seen it??
>Chief [James] Underwood is referred to by English writers as attending
>meetings at both Nashville and Hopkinsville. We know, from the death or
>wounding of the Underwood half-breed in the Creek skirmish in what is
>Dickson County, TN, that the Underwood's Chickasaw town was south of the
>River on the East side of the Tennessee River. Gen. Robertson's home,
>acted as a fort, was Southeast of Nashville, only a few miles from this
>Chickasaw town. Any reference to Chief Underwood in Chickasaw oral
>was apparently by his Chickasaw name.
> McGee states that around 1790 the Chickasaw did not have a King and
>were ruled by four principle chiefs: Levi Colbert in the SE, Seely in
>the SW,
>Tishemingo the NE, and McGilviray or Cohoma in the NW. Chief Underwood
>would therefore have lived in the area of the Nation controlled by Chief
>Tishemingo. Tishemingo is reported to be a full-blood Chickasaw. The
>definition of full- blood is not clear, but anyone who was not from
>tribe or a half-breed was apparently considered full-blood Chickasaw.
>Chief Underwood was the Chief Toka who acted as a guide for Gen.
>and 120 men on the successful attack on the Cherokee and Creek camped at
>Coldwater Creek in 1787.
> Chief James Underwood is believed to be a descendent of Francis
>who arrived in the Chickasaw Nation prior to 1756. He worked as a Pack
>Man for Courtonne and Brown, the principal Indian traders among the
>Chickasaw, in 1756-57. And in 1763, Francis and Hugh Crawford, a
>merchant and Indian trader, met Lieutenant John Ross and the British
>Regiment at Mobile on Dec. 2, 1764 and escorted
>them up the Tombigbee River overland through the Chickasaw Nation to
>Tennessee River and down the Tennessee River to Fort Chartress in
>via the Ohio River. The trip was made between Dec.2, 1764 and Feb. 18,
> The settlers in Cumberland and the 100 or more Chickasaw whose
>was on the east side of the Tennessee River would have established close
>relationships during the winter of 1795, when the Chickasaw stayed in
>settlement and assisted in the common defense of the area. This was
>enhanced when 60 of their young Chickasaw were employed in defense of
>area during the next few years. We, therefore, assumed that many of the
>Chickasaw assimilated and became "white" when the portion of the
>Nation east of the Tennessee River was purchased by the Unites States in
> With the transfer of this Chickasaw territory north of the Duck
>River and
>East of the Tennessee River (South Central Tennessee and North Central
>Alabama) to the U.S. in 1805, Howell Underwood, from the N.C. part of
>family, received a land grant of 640A in Dickson County. According to
>Glasgow Land Grant Papers Part 2 #2696 John Underwood to Thomas Butcher.
>appears that the land was sold or stolen as part of North Carolina's
>land grant scandal that occurred during that era. John, son of Howell,
>the only non-Chickasaw Underwood in the area during this period.
> It appears that John's uncle Zachariah Underwood moved to Dickson
>about 1810 and died there in 1817. With no other family members in the
>the four children were assigned by the county court to foster homes.
> By 1840, things seem very good for the family. Although Serena is
>longer listed, Willie's brother Jeremiah is married, has four children,
>lives next door. Uncle Howell and his son John have moved into the
>Willie has five girls and two boys in his household.
> The 50s are the marriage years: Nancy to James Edwards (5-21-1850);
>Stephen R. to Rebecca Bledsoe (11-13-1852); Rebecca to Milo Cooley
>1856); and Thomas W. to Martha Masters (6-13-1857). The final marriage
>to be
>recorded for the family in Dickson County was: Henry's marriage to
>Melvina E.
>Ferrell (3-8-62).
> The first men to enter the War Between the States from Dickson
>entered A Company of the 50th Infantry of Tennessee which moved North to
>Donaldson. Freeling Huysen's older brothers, William (Pvt. W.B.) and
>(Pvt. H.H.) together with a cousin Pvt. Thomas W. enlisted in A Company.
>Those who did not answer the initial call to defend Fort Henry and Fort
>Donaldson would find themselves in the middle of the fight when, as Fort
>Donaldson was about to fall the Union forces, Gen. Forrest moved out
>over the
>frozen river toward Cumberland Furnace and Dickson County. It was
>at this point that Freeling Huysen joined Forrest's troops as a drummer
>He later named his older son Allen Forrest in honor of his commander:
>Nathan Bedford Forrest.
> The Union Army followed Gen. Forrest to Dickson County and lingered
>executing some of the local Confederate activists. Two Union Calvary
>Divisions were formed with men from Dickson County. The 1st U.S.
>included the following Underwoods: Alexander, Francis, George, James M.,
>Jessie. The 2nd U.S. Calvary included: Ephram, James (possibly Freelin
>Huysen's brother), Samuel, White and William. The War put an end to the
>Underwood family in Dickson County.


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