Archiver > WORTHINGTON > 2000-09 > 0970073432

From: "John" <>
Subject: [WORTHINGTON] Gov. Thomas Worthington
Date: Wed, 27 Sep 2000 09:50:32 -0700


There is no Martin Levi Worthington shown as son of Gov. Thomas Worthington
as shown below.

born July 16, 1773 in Jefferson Co Virginia, and died July 19, 1827 in New
York City. He married ELEANOR SWEARINGEN December 1796 in Shepherdstown West
Virginia, daughter of MR SWEARINGEN and PHOEBE STRODE. She was born 1777,
and died 1848.

"Adena was the 5,000 acre estate of Thomas Worthington (1773-1827), sixth
governor of Ohio and our state's first United States Senator. The mansion
house, completed in 1807, is furnished today with antiques of the federal
period, some of which belonged to Thomas Worthington himself. Situated on
the 300 remaining acres are five out-buildings and the formal gardens.
Looking east from the north lawn, one can see across the Scioto River Valley
to the Mount Logan range of hills. This view is depicted on the Great Seal
of the State of Ohio.
Adena is an important site for many reasons. It is the only plantation-type
complex of its kind in our state. It is one of only three houses designed by
Benjamin Latrobe still standing in the U.S. (Latrobe is considered the first
professional American architect and served as Jefferson's surveyor of public
buildings.) It is an original building, not a reconstruction. It is
extremely well documented and that documentation was followed to the letter
in the restoration. And, of course, it was the home of the Father of Ohio
Statehood, Thomas Worthington, and was thus visited by many of the important
political figures of the day.

The pioneer village of Chillicothe, Northwest Territory, first known as
Massiesville, to which General Thomas Worthington and his family removed
from Virginia in 1798, was a small log-cabin settlement, typical of the best
immigrant centers of the period. The rich bottom land of the Scioto River
and the rolling terrain near which the village was located, had already
attracted a considerable number of settlers. Some Virginia Revolutionary
soldiers who were entitled to free land allotments - according to rank in
service - had already located between the Scioto and Little Miami Rivers.
Among those entitled by rank to large allotments in this Virginia Military
Reservation between these two rivers, was General Darke, guardian of Thomas
Worthington, an orphaned neighbor boy.
Unable to locate and survey his lands because of age and the hardships of
the journey, General Darke delegated this duty to his ward, and subsequently
sold the land to him. The opportunity this survey gave young Worthington to
examine the quality of the land he had located for his guardian, determined
him to dispose of his estate in Virgiinia and establish his permanent home
at Chillicothe. Following his return to Virginia and the disposal of all of
his interests there, he prepared at once for the comfortable transfer of his
family and a number of former slaves to their new abode. With him and his
accomplished wife came his brother, Richard Worthington, his sister and her
husband, Dr. Edward Tiffin, Ohio's first governor. The Ordinance of 1787,
which prohibited human slavery in the Northwest Territory, gave General
Worthington the opportunity he desired to manumit his slaves before he
migrated, and to bring them with him as freed men. Emancipation in Virginia
at that period required, also, the provision of a suitable home for the
freedman. A few of them who declined emancipation and elected to remain in
Virginia, were given opportunity to select their own masters. The others who
came with the family settled in and near Chillicothe, where General and Mrs.
Worthington could give them such personal aid and assistance as they needed
while adapting themselves to a new life in a new country. It was a memorable
day, April 17, 1798, when the long journey by land and river was ended, and
the little log-built village of Chillicothe on the Scioto River presented
itself before their eyes. There was great rejoicing, for it marked the end
of an arduous journey to the place of their choice, where new homes were to
be established permanently, and their reminaing years were to be spent.
Following the building of a number of homes for those who came with him,
General Worthington began the erection of Adena, his own home, in 1807, and
finished it for occupancy in 1811. To a friendly inquiry as to why he had
built so elaborate a home, he replied: "that Mrs. Worthington and I may be
able to entertain our friends as we did in our old Virginia manor-house."
Its subsequent guestlist included many of the country's distinguished men
and women, and also the names of some of the more noted Indian chiefs of the
Northwest Territory. A distinguished guest, Governor Clinton, on his
departure, designated Adena as "the abode of hospitality, both genuine and
elegant." General Worthington's rise to power and position was rapid and
continuous until his demise at the early age of fifty-four. In 1798, the
year of his arrival at Chillicothe, he was appointed major of militia and
deputy surveyor-general of the Northwest Territory. He was later elected a
member of the first Ohio Constitutional Convention; Ohio's first United
States senator, and in 1814, her fourth governor. In his long service to the
State and Nation, he was a wise and constructive statesman, and a leader in
that coterie of remarkable men whose service in the early years of Ohio's
organization should more often be recalled and more signally honored. ( Old
Chillicothe by William Albert Galloway, pages 210-211 The Buckeye Press,
Xenia Ohio, 1934 )

Tecumseh at Adena 1807
Adena, the historic Worthington home, is located on a commanding range of
hills west of Chillicothe. It looks across to Mount Logan, from which the
face of the Great Seal of Ohio was designed. It overlooks the Scioto Valley,
a terrain favored alike by mound-buiders, the Indians and ourselves. The
story of this banquet harks back to the time of Tecumtha and his brother,
Tenskwatana, the Prophet. The presence of a large number of Indians drawn by
the Prophet's mission to Greenville in 1807, caused increasing alarm among
Ohio settlers in the central and western part of the state. After mobilizing
several companies of the Ohio Militia (organized under the Ordinance of
1784), Governor Kirker dispatched General Thomas Worthington and General
Duncan MacArthur to Greenville. They bore a peace-message to the Indians,
and were instructed to obtain from Tecumtha and the Prophet the status of
the activity there, and its purposes. The commissioners left Chillicothe,
then the capital of Ohio, on September 8, 1807, and arrived at Greenville on
September 16th. They were cordially received and treated during their visit,
and invited to attend a large Indian council about to be held at the
settlement. On their return journey, they were accompanied by an Indian
commission of four, Tecumtha, Blue Jacket, Roundhead and the Panther, with
Stephen Ruddell as interpreter. They had been appointed by the council at
Greenville to wait on the governor, and assure him of the peaceful purposes
of the Prophet's mission. The report submitted to Governor Kirker by his
commission was entirely favorable to the Prophet's cause. They found no
evidence that it was a covert war movement. A few days after they arrived at
Chillicothe, a record-breaking mass meeting was held. It was addressed by
Tecumtha, and presided over by Governor Kirker. The address was able,
magnetic and convincing. The pioneer unrest and fear of Indian hostilities
was set at rest. Tecumtha's assurances that his people desired to live in
peace with their white brothers were accepted. To that end, the Prophet's
mission work - a labor of love - was teaching better moral preparation and
better understanding of the new conditions that confronted his race after
the Treaty of Greenville. The magnetic oratory of the great Indian patriot
won. Hundreds of men who listened with close attention to this historic
address departed to their homes, relieved of their fears that another Indian
war was impending. Governor Kirker discharged the militia he had mobilized
as a precautionary measure. Hospitable entertainment was shown the Indian
commissioners on all sides during their short stay. General and Mrs.
Worthington, who had opened the doors of Adena to Tecumtha and his
associates, gave a reception in their honor on the eve of their departure
for Greenville. The banquet, after the fashion of that day, was elaborate
and bountiful. It was the age of "the pyramid table." In the serving of
coffee, one of the chiefs was overlooked. From the Indian viewpoint, such an
individual omission at a friendly feast opened a fine field for Indian
banter of the "coffeeless chief" by the other Indians. This custom is
explained in Alford's notes on the Shawnee's "Umsoma." The situation
naturally grew tense to the other guests who could have no knowledge of the
"Umsoma." Tecumtha quickly exercised his good offices, to the great relief
of his hostess' embarrassment. the neglected chief was served gospel
measures of coffee, poured by her own hands, and was honored for the
remaining hours of the reception with her personal attention. (Old
Chillicothe by William Albert Galloway, pages 213-214
The Buckeye Press, Xenia Ohio, 1934 )

Biographical Directory of the American Congress 1774-1996
Congressional Quarterly Dictionaries, Inc.,
Alexandria, Virginia Page 2092

WORTHINGTON, Thomas, a Senator from Ohio; born in Jefferson County, Va.
(now West Virginia), on July 16, 1773; completed preparatory studies;
went to sea; studied surveying; moved to Ross County, Ohio, in 1796;
member of the first and second Territorial legislatures, 1799-1803;
delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1803; elected as a
Republican to the United States Senate, and served from April 1, 1803 to
March 3, 1807; member of the Ohio State house of representatives in
1807; unsuccessful candidate for Governor in 1808 and again in 1810;
again elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by
the resignation of Return J. Meigs, Jr., and served from December 15,
1810 until December 1, 1814, when he resigned, having been elected
Governor; elected Governor of Ohio in 1814, reelected in 1816, and
served from December 8, 1814 to December 14, 1818; member, State house
of representatives, 1821-1822; canal commissioner from 1818 until his
death in New York City on June 20, 1827; interment in Grandview
Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ohio.

>From Thomas Worthington Father of Ohio Statehood
By Alfred Byron Sears A Virginian Transplanted

Thomas Worthington's great-great-grandfather was John Worthington (1606-91)
of Morley, Wilmslow Parish, northeasten Cheshire, England; he called his
farm Quarrel Bank (stone quarry). He and Mrs. Worthington were Friends, two
of the earliest followers of George Fox, the founder of the society....
According to the father's (Col Robert Worthington) will, drawn up July 30,
1779, by the local Episcopal minister, the Reverend Daniel Sturges, each
child inherited an equal share of the $200,000 estate (about 1,466 acres
each or the equivalent), and Ephraim was made sole executor. All the
children had had the best of private tutors, since the father had been eager
to give them a good education-a privilege of which he had been deprived.
Thomas Worthington recalled years later that "tho [he was] not five years
old," his father had expressed anxiety to hear him read and had promised his
tutor additional rewards for teaching him. Ephraim had been sent to William
and Mary College at Williamsburg, but withdrew to serve with the Virginia
troops under General McIntosh in the Ohio county. Toward the end of the war
he came home, was married, and after the death of his parents moved Effie,
"his pretty and very illiterate wife who made his life miserable," into the
Manor House. Mary, William, Robert, and Thomas lived for a time in the stone
Mansion House in Martinsburg, but the pinch of war conditions, among other
things, shortly led Ephraim to insist that Mary seek another home. He bound
out William to a Winchester merchant and took Robert and Tom to live with
him at the Manor House. The Mansion House was then rented. The boys were
indifferently schooled by Ephraim. Robert soon established a
hack-and-hauling service to Alexandria and Baltimore, married, and moved out
of the Manor House. Young Tom for some time was used by Effie as nursemaid
for her children, a role he naturally resented. He was a sensitive boy, who
particularly missed Mary and his two brothers and never felt any great
affection for Ephraim or Ephriam's wife, whom he remembered as abusive.
"Night after night," he wrote years later, "did I wet my pillow with tears.
It was then for the first time, tho my parents had been dead but 2 years
that I was sensible of being an orphan, and mourned the loss of the more
than kind sister Mary, than whom a better woman never lived."
When Tom wa about fourteen (1787) his brother William came of legal age,
married Elizabeth Machie, and took the boy for a year as his ward to the
Mansion House in Martinsburg. Tom went joyfully, expecting to better his
surroundings, but William was an indifferent guardian. When he decided to
remove to Kentucky, (15) Thomas replaced him with an old friend and
associate of his father, Colonel William Darke of Shepherdstown. he proved
to be the type of friend and counselor the young Worthington needed. Tom was
sent to school and given a real home by Colonel and Mrs. Darke: "This
gentleman was to me a father, and his good lady a mother. On my part I
repaid all in my power their kindness-I lived happily and progressed in my
During his schooling under the guardianship of Colonel Darke, young
Worthington studied navigation, for he "had long indulged the. . . .

Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States 1789-1978
Volume III (Montana-Pennsylvania Edited by Robert Sobel and John Raimo
Meckler Books A Division of Microform Review, Inc. 520 Riverside Ave.
Westport, CT 06880 Page Ohio / 1195

WORTHINGTON, Thomas, 1814-1818- Born near present Charles Town, West
Virginia, on July 16,1773, son of Robert, a prominent planter, and Margaret
(Matthews); raised by his older brothers and William Drake, after being
orphaned at the age of seven; a devout Methodist. Married to Eleanor Van
Swearingen on December 13, 1796; father of ten children including Sarah
Worthington King Peter. Completed only his preparatory studies. At the age
of eighteen went to
sea on a Scotch merchantman for two years. Studied surveying. and with
Duncan McArthur purchased Virginia military land warrants. In 1798 brought
his family and that of his brother-in-law Edward Tiffin, Ohio's first
governor, to Chillicothe, Ohio. As a leader of the "Chillicothe Junto," he
quickly attained prominence in Ohio politics. Member of the Territorial
House of Representatives from 1799-1803; appointed Register of Public Lands
at Chillicothe in 1800; member of Ohio's Constitutional Convention in 1802,
representative to the General Assembly 1803, 1807-1808. Elected United
States Senator, serving from 1803 to 1807; reelected in 1810, he resigned in
December 1814 to become Governor. Worthington, under the very informal
caucus method of selecting
candidates, ran for governor as a Democratic-Republican a total of four
times. In 1808 he ran against two other Democratic-Republicans, Samuel
Huntington, who was elected with 7,293 votes, and Thomas Kirker, who
totalled 3,397. Worthington received 5,601. In 1810 he was defeated by
Return Jonathan Meigs, Jr., also a Democratic-Republican, by 9,924 votes
to 7,731. In 1814 he defeated Democratic-Republican Othneil Looker by a
count of 6,171 for Looker against the 15,879 cast for Worthington. He was
reelected in 1816 with 22,931 votes against the 6,295 of his
Democratic-Republican opponent, James Dunlap. The State Constitution
prohibited him from seeking another term. As governor, Worthington
encouraged a strong militia; advocated county poor farms; proposed state
regulation of banks; favored a public elementary school system; urged
penal reforms; encouraged home manufacturing and secured funding for the
state library; and was instrumental in establishing a branch of the Bank
of the United States at Chillicothe, a decision which adversely affected
his later political career. After retiring from the governorship, he
devoted himself to his numerous business enterprises, including farming,
stock raising, milling and river shipping. Between 1821 and 1825, he
served three terms in the State House of Representatives; he also served
as Canal Commissioner from 1818 until his death. He died while on a
business trip to New York City on June 20, 1827. He was buried on his
estate, "Adena," but was later moved to Grandview Cemetery, Chillicothe.

Bibliography: The Worthington Papers are on deposit in the State
Library, Columbus, Ohio, and in the Library of Congress. also see Duncan
McArthur Papers, Library of Congress; Alfred B. Sears, "Thomas
Worthington, Pioneer Business Man in the Old Northwest," Ohio State
Archeological and Historical Quarterly (1949); Sarah W. K. Peter,
Private Memoirs of Thomas Worthington (1882); "Thomas Worthington," Ohio
Archeological and Historical Publications, vol. XII (1903).

National Intelligencer 6/26/1827- "Gen Thomas Worthington of the state of
Ohio died at NY 6/19. He was formerly a Senator in Congress from Ohio &
subsequently Governor of that state. He emigrated from Frederick Co Va in
the early life to Ohio."

Died 2: July 20, 1827, New York City

Other 1: family name was Van Swearington but around this time they dropped
the Van
Other 2: info charlottewells 2/25/1999

i. SARAH ANN8 WORTHINGTON, b. May 16, 1800, Chillicothe Ohio; d. February
08, 1877, Cincinnati, Ohio.
ii. MARGARET WORTHINGTON, b. 1811; d. 1863.
Other: Bet. 1836 - 1837, a diary exists according to Charlotte makes
reference to Md Worthingtons

iii. MARY TIFFIN WORTHINGTON, b. 1797; d. 1836.
iv. JAMES TAYLOR WORTHINGTON, b. 1802; d. 1881, of Xenia Ohio; m. (1)
JULIA GALLOWAY, December 03, 1828; b. 1808; d. 1856; m. (2) MARTHA (PIATT)
REED, December 04, 1856; b. 1814; d. 1896.
Childern: 9 by 1st wife none by 2nd

Other: unmarried

vi. THOMAS WORTHINGTON, b. 1807; d. 1884.
Other: unmarried

vii. ELEANOR STRODE WORTHINGTON, b. 1809; d. 1863.
viii. ELIZABETH RACHEL WORTHINGTON, b. 1814; d. 1852.
Other: No issue


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